What is bilateral retrograde pyelogram?

A retrograde pyelogram is an imaging test that uses X-rays to look at your bladder, ureters, and kidneys. The ureters are the long tubes that connect your kidneys to your bladder. This test is usually done during a test called cystoscopy. It uses an endoscope, which is a long, flexible, lighted tube.

Retrograde pyelography is a form of x-ray used to get detailed pictures of the ureters and kidneys. Retrograde pyelography uses a special dye (“contrast agent”) injected into the ureters. The dye makes the ureters and kidneys more easily seen on the x-ray. This test is like an intravenous pyelogram (IVP).

Subsequently, question is, what type of contrast is used in retrograde pyelogram? The contrast that is used for retrograde pyelography is the same that is used for excretory urography (intravenous urography). Contrast is categorized by osmolality, of which there are 3 groups: isoosmolar, low osmolar, and high osmolar.

Additionally, what does retrograde pyelography mean?

A retrograde pyelogram is a urologic procedure where the physician injects a radiocontrast agent into the ureter in order to visualize the ureter and kidney with fluoroscopy or radiography. Fluoroscopy, or dynamic X-rays, is typically used for visualization.

What is bilateral Nephrostomy?

A nephrostomy is an artificial opening created between the kidney and the skin which allows for the urinary diversion directly from the upper part of the urinary system (renal pelvis). An urostomy is a related procedure performed more distally along the urinary system to provide urinary diversion.

How is a retrograde pyelogram done?

A retrograde pyelogram is an imaging test that uses X-rays to look at your bladder, ureters, and kidneys. During a cystoscopy, the healthcare provider can inject contrast dye directly into the ureters. The contrast helps parts of the body show up more clearly on an X-ray. The exam is done using anesthesia.

Is a cystoscopy considered surgery?

A urologic surgeon, or urologist, performs cystoscopy. The procedure involves looking at the urinary tract from the inside. Abnormalities can be detected in this manner, and surgical procedures can be performed. You would commonly have cystoscopy for the evaluation of blood in the urine.

How long does it take to heal from a cystoscopy?

You may feel the need to urinate more often, and your urine may be pink. These symptoms should get better in 1 or 2 days. You will probably be able to go back to work or most of your usual activities in 1 or 2 days. This care sheet gives you a general idea about how long it will take for you to recover.

Why would a urologist do a cystoscopy?

Cystoscopy is used to diagnose, monitor and treat conditions affecting the bladder and urethra. Your doctor might recommend cystoscopy to: Investigate causes of signs and symptoms. Cystoscopy can also help determine the cause of frequent urinary tract infections.

What does the retrograde mean?

The term retrograde comes from the Latin word retrogradus, which literally means “backward step.” As the name suggests, retrograde is when a planet appears to go backward in its orbit, as viewed from Earth. Astronomers refer to this as “apparent retrograde motion,” because it is an optical illusion.

What is Pyelogram mean?

Pyelogram (or pyelography or urography) is a form of imaging of the renal pelvis and ureter. Intravenous pyelogram – In which a contrast solution is introduced through a vein into the circulatory system.

What is the difference between cystoscopy and ureteroscopy?

Cystoscopy uses a cystoscope to look inside the urethra and bladder. The urethra and bladder are part of the urinary tract. Ureteroscopy. Ureteroscopy uses a ureteroscope to look inside the ureters and kidneys.

What is cystoscopy with stent placement?

The scope is inserted into the urethra and into the bladder. The bladder is examined for any abnormalities. Stent Placement: The ureteral orifice (hole where the ureter enters the bladder) on the side of concern is identified. A stent is then placed over the wire and advanced into the kidney.

What does retrograde mean in medical terms?

Medical Definition of retrograde 1 : characterized by retrogression. 2 : affecting memories of a period prior to a precipitating event (as brain injury or disease) In retrograde amnesia, the victim can remember only what has happened since he lost his memory; everything before that is irretrievable.—

What is Pyelography used for?

Intravenous pyelogram (IVP) is an x-ray exam that uses an injection of contrast material to evaluate your kidneys, ureters and bladder and help diagnose blood in the urine or pain in your side or lower back. An IVP may provide enough information to allow your doctor to treat you with medication and avoid surgery.

What is ureteric reflux?

Vesicoureteral reflux (VUR), also known as vesicoureteric reflux, is a condition in which urine flows retrograde, or backward, from the bladder into the ureters/kidneys.

What does a CT Urogram show?

A computerized tomography (CT) urogram is an imaging exam used to evaluate your urinary tract, including your kidneys, your bladder and the tubes (ureters) that carry urine from your kidneys to your bladder.

Are kidney stents painful?

Stents can cause discomfort and pain in the bladder, kidneys, groin, urethra and the genitals. The discomfort or pain may be more noticeable after physical activity and passing urine. Urinary symptoms and pain associated with the stent can also make you feel tired.

How long does a ureteral stent stay in?

3 months