Structure. In human anatomy, the lower leg is the part of the lower limb that lies between the knee and the ankle. The leg from the knee to the ankle is called the crus or cnemis /ˈniːm?s/. The calf is the back portion, and the tibia or shinbone together with the smaller fibula make up the front of the lower leg.
The fibula, also called the calf bone, is significantly smaller and is situated on the lateral (farther from the midline) side of the tibia. The main muscle in this area of the leg is the gastrocnemius, which gives the calf a bulging muscular appearance.
Also Know, what are the parts of the leg? However, in medical terminology, the leg refers to the portion of the lower extremity from the knee to the ankle. The leg has two bones: the tibia and the fibula. Both are known as long bones. The larger of the two is the tibia, familiarly called the shinbone.
Also Know, what causes pain on the outside of lower leg?
Stress fractures of the fibula cause pain on the outer side of your lower leg. With medial tibial stress syndrome, you will have pain and tenderness along the edge of the shinbone, especially along the muscles. With compartment syndrome the muscles in that area will be painful.
What nerves are in the lower leg?
The main nerves of the lower limb are the femoral and sciatic nerves. They arise from the lumbar and lumbosacral plexus. There is some duplication here with the nerves of the abdomen and nerves of the pelvis topics.
When should I see a doctor for leg pain?
See your doctor as soon as possible if you have: A leg that is swollen, pale or unusually cool. Calf pain, particularly after prolonged sitting, such as on a long car trip or plane ride. Swelling in both legs along with breathing problems. Any serious leg symptoms that develop for no apparent reason.
Why does my rectus femoris hurt?
Injury to the rectus femoris muscle may result from overuse, as seen with kicking- or sprinting-related injuries. Inflammation of the muscle causes pain in the groin during physical exercises that use this muscle. The patient may experience pain during knee raises if the muscle is ruptured (torn) or inflamed.
What muscle is on the outside of the calf?
The lateral compartment is along the outside of the lower leg. It contains the peroneus longus and peroneus brevis muscles. These muscles pull the toes and feet outward.
What is the muscle on the side of your leg?
The iliotibial band (ITB) is a thick tendon that runs the length of and connects the tensor fascia lata muscle—which starts on the outer side of the hip—to the outer side of the tibia, the major bone in the lower leg.
How do I get rid of pain in my lower leg?
If you have leg pain from cramps or overuse, take these steps first: Rest as much as possible. Elevate your leg. Apply ice for up to 15 minutes. Do this 4 times per day, more often for the first few days. Gently stretch and massage cramping muscles. Take over-the-counter pain medicines like acetaminophen or ibuprofen.
What are the symptoms of a blocked artery in your leg?
Peripheral artery disease signs and symptoms include: Painful cramping in one or both of your hips, thighs or calf muscles after certain activities, such as walking or climbing stairs (claudication) Leg numbness or weakness. Coldness in your lower leg or foot, especially when compared with the other side.
What nerve runs down the outside of the leg?
Where are the tendons in your leg?
Tendons are also bands of connective tissue. They’re found on the ends of muscles, where they help attach muscle to bone. The largest tendon in the knee is the patellar tendon. It attaches the tibia to the patella.
Why does the side of my lower leg hurt?
Most leg pain results from wear and tear, overuse, or injuries in joints or bones or in muscles, ligaments, tendons or other soft tissues. Some types of leg pain can be traced to problems in your lower spine. Leg pain can also be caused by blood clots, varicose veins or poor circulation.
Why does the outside of my lower leg hurt when I walk?
Shin splints are pains in your lower leg brought on by exercise, caused by overuse of the muscles. The condition is also called medial tibial stress syndrome. The good news is that this pain can be treated with self-care. If you don’t overdo your routine at first, you can soon put shin splints behind you.
What muscle runs down the outside of the lower leg?
When should I be concerned about calf pain?
When to see a doctor A person should seek emergency medical treatment if they suspect they have DVT. The symptoms of DVT include pain, swelling, and warmth in one leg. Other signs a person should seek emergency treatment for calf pain include: fever that is greater than 100°F.
Can leg pain be a sign of heart problems?
When it does, it’s called peripheral arterial disease, or PAD. And in some people, PAD causes leg pain that acts as an ‘early warning’ that someone is at high risk for a heart attack or a stroke, says a University of Michigan Cardiovascular Center expert.
What does it mean if your calf hurts when you walk?
Claudication (Cramp when walking) Claudication is a common condition where pain occurs in the legs with exercise due to a reduction in the circulation. The cause is hardening of the arteries otherwise known as atherosclerosis. The common symptom is of a cramp like pain developing in the calf muscles on walking.