Why is Themistocles important in history?

Themistocles was a 5th century BCE Athenian general, statesman, and archon (high magistrate). He is remembered as a people’s leader, challenging the elite powers and opening the democracy to the commoners. His greatest legacy came through the military. That’s why Themistocles is important to Greek history.

Themistocles, (born c. 524 bce—died c. 460), Athenian politician and naval strategist who was the creator of Athenian sea power and the chief saviour of Greece from subjection to the Persian empire at the Battle of Salamis in 480 bce.

One may also ask, why was the Battle of Salamis so important? The Battle of Salamis was a great victory for the Greek navy and, in combination with a victory by the Greek army at the Battle of Plataea the next year, led to the complete defeat of the Persians. Many historians cite the Battle of Salamis as one of the most important battles in human history.

In this regard, was Themistocles a traitor?

Athens was never in such a strong position but the career of Themistocles was, unfortunately, heading for a nose-dive. Understandably, the Athenians saw this as treason and officially declared Themistocles a traitor, condemned him to death, and confiscated all his property.

What happened to Themistocles?

He was made governor of Magnesia, and lived there for the rest of his life. Themistocles died in 459 BC, probably of natural causes. His reputation was posthumously rehabilitated, and he was re-established as a hero of the Athenian (and indeed Greek) cause.

When did Themistocles die?

460 BC

Who did Themistocles kill?

King Darius

Why did the Delian League fall apart?

The Delian League (or Athenian League) was an alliance of Greek city-states led by Athens and formed in 478 BCE to liberate eastern Greek cities from Persian rule and as a defence to possible revenge attacks from Persia following the Greek victories at Marathon, Salamis, and Plataea in the early 5th century BCE.

What does Salamis mean in history?

noun. an island off the SE coast of Greece, W of Athens, in the Gulf of Aegina: Greeks defeated Persians in a naval battle 480 b.c. 39 sq. mi. (101 sq. km).

Who won the Persian war and why?

The Athenians were commanded by 10 generals, the most daring of whom was Miltiades. While the Persian cavalry was away, he seized the opportunity to attack. The Greeks won a decisive victory, losing only 192 men to the Persians’ 6,400 (according to the historian Herodotus).

Why did the Peloponnesian war start?

The primary causes were that Sparta feared of the growing power and influence of the Athenian Empire. The Peloponnesian war began after the Persian Wars ended in 449 BCE. This disagreement led to friction and eventually outright war. Additionally, Athens and its ambitions caused increasing instability in Greece.

How many oars are in a trireme?

170 oars

Who won the Peloponnesian War?

Athens was forced to surrender, and Sparta won the Peloponnesian War in 404 BC. Spartans terms were lenient. First, the democracy was replaced by on oligarchy of thirty Athenians, friendly to Sparta.

Who were the immortals in 300?

The 300 Spartans lead by King Leonidas were the elite warriors of the Greek garrison which defended Thermopylae in 480 B.C., as were the Immortals who were their heralded counterparts in the Persian army.

What happened to the hunchback in 300?

Ephialtes is a deformed hunchback in exile whose parents ran away from Sparta. Hoping to redeem his father’s honor, he volunteers to Leonidas to join the army. But Ephialtes is too weak to raise his shield high enough so Leonidas rejects him. Mad at this, he goes to Xerxes and betrays his own country to get a reward.

Where is Themistocles from?

Phrearrhii

Who killed King Leonidas?

Of the small Greek force, attacked from both sides, all were killed except for the 400 Thebans, who surrendered to Xerxes without a fight. When Leonidas was killed, the Spartans retrieved his body after driving back the Persians four times.

How did Themistocles convince Athens to invest in a larger Navy?

How did the Athenian naval commander Themistocles convince the Athenians to invest in a naval build up? He wants to make sure that the Persians can’t break through the Athenian naval lines, He added many ships. He influenced the Athenian lines by finding silver y convinced them by lying.

What do you think was Pericles most important contribution?

Pericles promoted the arts and literature; it is principally through his efforts that Athens acquired the reputation of being the educational and cultural center of the ancient Greek world. He started an ambitious project that generated most of the surviving structures on the Acropolis (including the Parthenon).